The book presents a connected account of the events which have shaped the emergence of modern Rajasthan. It is a thematic development of historical forces and not a history of individual states, big or small, in the region. It discusses how the succession disputes and rival nobility groups had been responsible for Maratha inroads and acceptance of British treaties of subordination. The British policy, during 1818-1870, systematically dismantled the old power structure and after 1870 completely integrated the feudal into the colonial economy. It further explains the population experience a major occupation mobility and, an overwhelming majority came to depend on agriculture even when the total population did not increase. The peasant dissatisfaction was the result of the political order in which the jagirdars had been left free to oppress its peasantry. The inability of the princely order to foresee the change as also to emerge as a third force to support imperial interests was primarily the result of its over concern for its status, rights and density. The political awakening in the states was slow but later on its was encouraged by all India forces. The important role of the popular movements in the integration process of the states has been highlighted. The concluding chapter gives a brief survey of the development of art and literature during the period.
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